Palace of Culture and Science | Warsaw, Poland | c. 1955
The Palace of Culture and Science (Polish: Pałac Kultury i Nauki; abbreviated PKiN) is a notable high-rise building in Warsaw, Poland. Standing at 237 meters (778 feet) tall, it is the tallest building in Poland, the eighth-tallest building in the European Union and one of the tallest on the European continent
Constructed between 1952 – 1955 using Soviet plans, by 3,500 to 5,000 Russian workers and 4,000 Polish workers, the tower was a gift from the Soviet Union to the people of Poland
The architecture of the building is closely related to several similar skyscrapers built in the Soviet Union of the same era, most notably the Main building of Moscow State University
Motivated by Polish historicism and American art deco high-rise buildings, the PKiN was designed by Soviet architect Lev Rudnev in “Seven Sisters” style and is informally referred to as the Eighth Sister
While it was originally known as the Joseph Stalin Palace of Culture and Science, in the wake of destalinization the dedication to Stalin was revoked. Stalin’s name was removed from the colonnade, interior lobby and one of the building’s sculptures.
The building currently serves as an exhibition center and office complex with a multiplex cinema, four theaters, two museums, offices, bookshops, a large swimming pool, an auditorium hall for 3,000 people, and an accredited university, Collegium Civitas. The terrace on the 30th floor, at 114 metres (374 ft), is a well-known tourist attraction with a panoramic view of the city.